Conditions: Acne

Acne is an inflammation of the skin that causes blackheads, whiteheads and painful red spots. Acne mainly affects the skin of the face, but it can also affect the chest, back and arms.
Acne mainly affects about 90% of adults and 20 to 30% of people in their 20s and 40s.

Compared to other skin conditions, most people who see a doctor are people with acne. The condition does not threaten a person’s life, but it can be distressing and cause psychological problems.

Acne is the most common skin condition that most people experience throughout their lives. Although this primarily affects adolescents who are affected by hormonal changes, many people still develop acne in adulthood.

It is more common in girls aged 14 to 17 years and in boys aged 16 to 19 years. Acne can be mild (occasional pimples), moderate (inflammatory papules), or severe (hard bumps and cysts). The scar may remain on the skin forever. Treatment also depends on the severity of the disease.

Acne causes

Acne mainly affects people in the area of ​​hair follicles known as hair follicles. In other words, the sebaceous glands are very small and located near the surface of the skin. These glands attach to the hair follicles and lubricate the hair and skin to prevent it from drying out. They do this by producing an oily substance called sebum.

In acne, the glands begin to produce too much sebum. Excess sebum combines with dead skin cells and lodges in the follicle. If the follicle is closed, it will cause a whitehead. On the other hand, if the follicle is open, a blackhead develops. Harmful bacteria that live on the skin can normally infect these follicles and cause red pimples, hard bumps or cysts.

Contrary to many people’s beliefs, acne is not caused by a lack of skin care. The main causes of this disease are the activity of hormones during adolescence as well as the closure of the sebaceous glands of the skin.

  • Hormones: Hormonal activities such as puberty or menstruation can cause acne.
  • Diet: High-sugar diets are associated with worsening acne.
  • Stress: Research shows that severe acne is associated with increased stress.
  • Genes: Some people are more prone to acne because of their genes.
  • Infection: Some species of bacteria are believed to cause acne.

Things that increase the risk of acne:

  • Worry and anxiety
  • Exposure to hot and cold weather
  • Non-standard cosmetics and skin products
  • Taking certain medications, including male hormones

Acne treatment

Acne treatment depends on the severity. It can take several months for the symptoms to improve. If you only see a few cases of blackheads, whiteheads and red spots, by filling out the CBAM Clinic anti-aging form, our specialists can advise you on how to treat acne using our skin products. For more severe cases we use microneedling, PRP and chemical peels.


How effective is acne treatment?

In most cases, acne treatment is successful, so you can see improvement after six to eight weeks. Recurrence of the condition after the treatment may lead to long-term additional therapies. Prompt treatment of acne can successfully heal or completely prevent scarring.

How to prevent acne?

Acne is a skin condition that can be prevented or at least controlled by following some tips. If you have acne, consider the following in your lifestyle.

  • Eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
  • It is recommended to drink 8 glasses of water daily for people with acne.
  • Exercising removes waste and toxins from the body and circulates blood throughout the body.
  • Try bathing three times a week to cleanse the skin of impurities and oil.
  • Wash your face with mild water twice a day. Hot water and excessive washing of the skin stimulates the sebaceous glands and increases the secretion of fat in the skin.
  • Quit smoking.

When to see a doctor?

The symptoms of acne appear on the skin of the face and irritate the person aesthetically. Therefore, with the onset of symptoms and after ineffective home remedies and treatments, you should see a doctor and start acne treatment according to your doctor. You can start acne treatment and prevention by filling out CBAM clinic anti-aging consultations form.

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