Microneedling, Its effect on facial skin rejuvenation
What is microneedling?
“Microneedling” is one of the newest methods of skin rejuvenation. In this non-invasive method, small and superficial holes are created in the skin with the help of small needles. So the skin cracks that have been created on the skin due to childbirth, obesity, and puberty are eliminated. With this method, it is possible to treat burns, close open pores of the skin, treat blemishes, remove wrinkles and eliminate scars, sutures and eliminate pimples.
How does microneedling work?
The method of microneedling is that a device called “Dermaroller“, which is a roller consisting of very small needles of titanium with a diameter of half or a maximum of two and a half millimeters, is pulled on the skin and penetrates it. In the middle layer of the skin or “dermis”, a small wound and a small amount of bleeding occur in the skin; the body reacts and begins to repair and regenerate that area.
The microneedling method works in a way that when the roller is moving on the surface of the skin, the fine needles, depending on the depth and speed determined by the doctor, enter the second layer of the skin or dermis at the same time (doctor specifies depth and speed of the needle according to the skin type and how the target is). During this process, collagen and elastin, the two main and important elements for the skin are produced. By producing collagen and elastin, scars and pimples, and other skin conditions heal over time.
Microneedling is a completely painless procedure, but in most cases, an anesthetic cream is used before starting the procedure. In Micro needling unlike other methods such as “laser”, the “epidermis” layer is not damaged. You should know that the “microneedling” method is also used for hair regrowth in modern hair transplant methods. According to dermatologists, if Micro needling is performed in a doctor’s office or specialized clinics, it can be effective in solving many skin problems.
However, like other skin treatments, this method is not 100% and equally effective on all people and may be ineffective in solving some people’s problems or at least not achieving the desired result.
How is microneedling done?
Micro needling is a non-invasive method of treating skin problems, and the treatment process usually takes several sessions to get a better result. The time of each treatment session is between a few minutes to an hour, depending on the severity of the skin problems.
The method of work is that holes are made on the skin of a person using a needling tool and according to a special pattern. For best results, the needling tool moves on the surface several times in different directions. For better microneedling results, some doctors use products that stimulate collagen production, such as hyaluronic acid or vitamin C serum, as well as skin lighteners, while making these fine holes. After Micro needling, small wounds appear on the skin, which stimulates collagen production in the skin.
Typically, doctors recommend that for best results, it is best to take at least four to six weeks between microneedling sessions so that the skin has enough time to make collagen. Four sessions are usually prescribed for Micro needling to heal the boil and five sessions for burn wounds. The Micro needling method, which is ironically suitable for all skin types, can also treat sensitive and fragile areas of the skin, including the eyes, neck, and back of the hands, which cannot be treated with other methods.
Microneedling pre care
Before microneedling, clean the skin of the desired area from any creams, lotions, and cosmetics.
If you are taking certain medications or have any skin conditions or lesions such as herpes, be sure to tell your doctor before having Micro needling.
Be sure to talk to your doctor if you have used other treatments to rejuvenate your skin.
Microneedling post care
Microneedling is a rejuvenating and healing method with a short recovery period, but following some tips will help the skin to heal faster after Micro needling.
After microneedling, the skin becomes inflamed, red, and sometimes bruised. Although this inflammation heals in a short time (12 to 48 hours), it is best not to irritate it by touching the skin. Eating fruits like pineapple helps speed up the healing of inflammation and bruising of the skin.
Never use anti-inflammatory drugs such as Advil or Ibuprofen to reduce inflammation and redness of the skin and allow it to recover.
Do not bathe for 24 to 48 hours after microneedling, avoid exercise and activities that cause the skin to sweat, and avoid being in the sun for at least three to ten days after Micro needling, unless necessary.
If you have to be outside, be sure to use the best sunscreen for your skin that contains zinc.
If your skin becomes scaly after Micro needling, do not manipulate them at all and use moisturizing creams to improve.
It is best not to use AHA (glycolic acid), retinol, and acid-containing or activating products for 2-3 days.
Because doctors do not consider this treatment suitable for everyone, it is best to explain your whole treatment history to your doctor before performing this treatment.
What should be considered before microneedling?
The most important thing to consider before microneedling is to observe hygienic things. It is better to have Micro needling in a doctor’s office or specialized clinics instead of hairdressers and beauty centers. Make sure the needles are hygienic and disposable.
Using a common needle (cartridge) for different people and even using a cartridge for one person in several sessions can cause tissue damage and infection due to the slowing down of the needles as well as contamination and cause irreparable damage to a person’s health. In recent years, the use of disposable cartridges for Micro needling has become common.
Advantages and disadvantages of microneedling
Because microneedling is a non-invasive method for removing skin blemishes, except for cases such as urticaria, bruising (hematoma), redness, burning or itching of the skin at the treatment site, darkening of the skin if you do not use sunscreen after Micro needling, skin sensitivity in For those who are allergic to metal and mild inflammation and swelling, no other serious side effects have been reported, but microneedling is a safe way to treat skin problems. Among the benefits of this treatment are:
- Production of collagen and stimulation of blood flow, which causes skin rejuvenation;
- Skin tissue regeneration in cases such as burns, wounds, pimples, fine lines, and skin cracks;
- Treatment of skin problems for A variety of skin color ranges, even dark skin, that do not respond to treatments such as a laser;
- The use of microneedling is very effective in treating problems in sensitive areas such as the neck, around the eyes, mouth, and those that cannot be treated with methods such as deep peels and expensive lasers.
- The material of microneedling needles is “titanium”. Titanium is one of the metals that does not generate heat, does not heat up, and does not burn the skin during frictional or reciprocating motion.
- Microneedling is done to remove skin imperfections from small, angled areas of skin such as the nose, upper and lower eyes, upper lip, and lower lip, but lasers do not.
- The cost of microneedling is much lower than methods such as lasers, and in addition, it does not have the damage caused by laser heat on the skin.
Who should not do microneedling?
- People with open sores, cuts, or abrasions on their skin;
- Those whose skin has undergone radiation and radiation therapy in the past year;
- People who have any skin infection, complication, or herpes in the area;
- Women who are pregnant and breastfeeding;
- Those who have a history of colloids (raising excess meat at the site of the complication) or whose wounds heal too late;
- People with skin infections, skin diseases, and herpes simplex;
- People who have been treated with Eco Tan (isotretinoin) for the past three months;
- Patients with hemophilia and those taking aspirin and anticoagulants.
What are the types of microneedling devices?
- Dermaroller device
At first glance, the Dermaroller looks like a small roller brush that paints hard-to-reach corners of the building. At the head of these tools is a round cylinder that rotates around a horizontal axis, and on its rotating surface are placed at least 200 very fine needles. There is also a handle on the top of the Dermaroller that is used to move the roller on the surface of the facial skin.
The doctor rolls the roller-like device with slight pressure on the skin of the face, and as a result, the Dermaroller makes hundreds of tiny holes in the skin along the way. Although some people use this device as a home microneedling device, doctors recommend that it be done in a doctor’s office and specialized centers.
The Dermapen looks exactly like a round-tipped pen with tiny needles on the tip. The tip of the device and its needles are driven by a small electric motor. When the Dermapen needles move, like a sealing needle, they go into and out of the skin, leaving a large number of tiny holes in the skin. Some people also use this device at home, which does not seem to be an interesting and safe idea. In general, both Dermaroller and Dermapen are used to stimulate the skin to make collagen naturally.
- Microneedling device with LED and light system (LED)
This microneedling device uses a system of diodes and LED light to rejuvenate the skin. However, definitive research has not yet been reported on the better performance of this device than the ones mentioned above.
- Microneedling device with radio wave system
The latest microneedling device works by inserting fine needles through which radio waves are exchanged into the skin, transmitting radio waves through it, causing heat under the skin and resulting in collagen production. In this case, too, no reliable results have been reported that these devices are more effective in skin rejuvenation than older devices.